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APA 7 Resource Center: Audio/Visual Media

Audio / Visual Media

Film / Movie

Special Notes:
  • Provide the director in the author element of the reference, followed by the notation: (Director).
  • Provide the production company or companies in the source element of the reference. Separate multiple production companies with a semicolon.
  • As in all references, if the original title of the work is a language different from that of the paper you are writing, provide a translation of the title in square brackets after the title and before the bracketed description and period.
  • It is not necessary to specify how you watched a film (in a theater, streaming, DVD). However, if your version is a special instance (like a director's cut or extended version), it is helpful to include that information after the video type: for example [Film, Director's Cut on DVD]
 
Examples:
Material Type Work Cited Example
Movie / Video                  

Whedon, J. (Director). (2005). Serenity [Film], Universal Pictures.

Bondarchuk, S. (Director). (1966). Voyna i mir [War and Peace] [Film, Limited Edition on DVD], Mosfilm; Continental Distributing.

Television / Web Series / Videos

Special Notes:
  • For a series as a whole, provide the producer in the author element of the reference, followed by the notation: (Producer). or (Executive Producer).
  • If a series spans multiple years, include the span: (2005-2008).  or (2018 - present).
  • For an episode, provide the writer and director in the author element of the reference, followed by the notation: (Writer) and (Director).
  • Provide the production company or companies in the source element of the reference. Separate multiple production companies with a semicolon.
  • The episode citation ALSO INCLUDES the series information. Look closely at the example for formatting changes.)
  • YouTube:
    • Use the name of the account as the author. If the account did not create the video
      • look for the creator's website, channel, or official source
      • or explain in your written text who the creator is if it important for readers to know
    • Provide the specific date the video was uploaded.
    • Italicize the name of the video.
  • TED Talk videos have some special rules: 
    • If it's from the TED website, list the speaker as the author
    • If it's on YouTube, list the owner of the YouTube account as the author (yes, even when it is TED).
 
Examples:
Material Type Work Cited Example
TV Series as a Whole

Whedon, J., & Minear, T. (Executive Producers). (2002). Firefly [TV series], Mutual Enemy Productions; 20th Century Fox Television.

TV Episode of a Series Minear, T. (Writer), & Solomon, D. (Director). (2002). Out of gas (Season 1, Episode 8) [TV series episode]. In J. Whedon & T. Minear (Executive Producers), Firefly. Mutual Enemy Productions; 20th Century Fox Television.
Webisode Baur, B., & Tolmay, T. (Writers), &  Marchbank, T. J. (Director). (2016). Meet Max and Faye (Season 1, Episode 1) [Web series episode]. YouTube. In B. Baur & T. Tolmay (Creators), #Adulting. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/c/AdultingWebSeries
Video (YouTube, Vimeo, etc)

Denning, P. (2020, October 22.). Videos for cats ~ the forest bird table [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2X2xYSFW6a8

geoffmobile. (2014, April 6). Rylee and other dogs playing at Emery Barnes Park in Yaletown, Vancouver [Video]. Vimeo. https://www.vimeo.com/watch?v=C_cVR-9y1X0

TED Talk

Buffington, T. (2017, September 17). Why do cats act so weird? [Video]. TED-Ed. https://www.ted.com/talks/tony_buffington_why_do_cats_act_so_weird?language=en

TEDx Talks. (2020, January 10). Zibby Lindholm: How to get up in the morning [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D-RGg4puMOM

 

Audio

Special Notes:
Music
  • Use the name of the artist or group as the author
  • It is not necessary to list how you listened to an album (Spotify, CD, iTunes, etc).
  • Provide the production company or companies in the source element of the reference. Separate multiple production companies with a semicolon.
  • As in all references, if the original title of the work is a language different from that of the paper you are writing, provide a translation of the title in square brackets after the title and before the bracketed description and period.)
  • If a song has no associated album, omit that part of the reference.
Podcasts:
  • Use the host of the podcast as the author
  • With the Podcast format, include if it is audio or video
  • If the URL is unknown (from an app) omit this part
 
Examples:
Material Type Work Cited Example
Music album / CD Jones, H. (1984). Human's Lib [Album]. WEA/Elektra.
Single song or track Jones, H. (1984). What is love? [Song]. On Human's Lib. WEA/Elektra.
Podcast Asbrink, H. (Host). (2020 - present). Table Talk [Audio podcast]. Chowhound. https://www.chowhound.com/food-news/table-talk-podcast/
Single Podcast episode Asbrink, H. (Host). (2020, March 5). Why you shouldn't snooze on whole grains. [Audio podcast episode].In Table Talk. Chowhound. https://www.chowhound.com/food-news/257428/maria-speck-simply-ancient-grains-chowhounds-table-talk-podcast/

 

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