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LSCM 3200 - Montgomery - Spring 2021: In-Text Citations

Chart

The following table from APA shows the basic in-text citation styles:
Author type Parenthetical citation Narrative citation

One author

(Luna, 2020)

Luna (2020)

Two authors

(Salas & D’Agostino, 2020)

Salas and D’Agostino (2020)

Three or more authors

(Martin et al., 2020)

Martin et al. (2020)

Group author with abbreviation

First citation a

Subsequent citations



(National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2020)

(NIMH, 2020)



National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2020)

NIMH (2020)

Group author without abbreviation

(Stanford University, 2020)

Stanford University (2020)

a Define the abbreviation for a group author only once in the text, choosing either the parenthetical or the narrative format. Thereafter, use the abbreviation for all mentions of the group in the text.

Basics

This page on the APA Website gives some considerations for in-text citations:

https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/citations/basic-principles

Visit this page from the Excelsior OWL to see examples of a references page citation along with the in-text narrative and parenthetical citations for the same source:

https://owl.excelsior.edu/citation-and-documentation/apa-style/apa-side-by-side/

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