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COMM 1110 (eClass 21434) COMM 1100 (Web 21415) - Reiter - Spring 2021: Written Citations

Newspaper Citation

From the Excelsior OWL:

Online Newspaper | 8th Edition

If you are accessing a newspaper article directly from the web, you will most likely need just one container to present publication information. Reviews and letters to the editor should be presented in a similar manner.

St. Fleur, Nicholas. "City Bees Stick to a Flower Diet Rather Than Slurp Up Soda." The New York Times, 19 May 2016,

an online newspaper

Book Citation

From the Excelsior OWL:

Print Books | 8th Edition

Single Author

If you are accessing a print book, then you will need just one container for publication information.

Minot, Stephen. Three Genres. Pearson, 2003.

Two Authors

Sennett, Richard, and Jonathan Cobb. The Hidden Injuries of Class. Vintage Books, 1973.

More Than Two Authors

For more than two authors: list only the first author followed by the phrase “et al.” (Latin abbreviation for “and others”; no period after “et”) in place of the other authors’ names.

Smith, John, et al. Writing and Erasing: New Theories for Pencils. Utah State UP, 2001.


A book with the title Dracula on it.

Journal Citation

From the Excelsior OWL:

Article from a Database | 8th Edition

If you are accessing a journal article from a database, you will need two containers to present the original publication information as well as the access information from the database.

NOTE: MLA now requires full URLs for online material. You should look for a stable link to the article within the database. However, if your article includes a DOI (digital object identifier), that information should be provided instead of the URL.

Goldman, Anne. "Questions of Transport: Reading Primo Levi Reading Dante." The Georgia Review, vol. 64, no. 1, 2010, pp. 69-88. JSTOR,

A laptop with a database open

Personal Interview Citation

From the Excelsior OWL:

Interviews | 8th Edition

Personal Interview

When documenting a personal interview, you will need just one container. In general, treat the person being interviewed as the author. Then provide the title of the interview. If no title is provided, then write “Interview” (with no quotes).

Davis, Benjamin. Interview. Conducted by William Anderson, 3 May 2004.

Two illustrated people talking to each other

Ask a Librarian

Website Citation

Web Page | 8th Edition

Websites that contain articles, postings, and almost anything else have been simplified in the 8th edition of the MLA Handbook. Just one container is needed for most websites.

Hollmichel, Stephanie. "The Reading Brain: Differences between Digital and Print." So Many Books, 25 Apr. 2013,

A computer using the internet

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